Lithium batteries are basically disposable in nature and it contains ions of lithium. If you need continuous supply of power for your item, this battery is recommended for you. The lightest metal to be considered is lithium and it is also known for having the maximum potential for its electrochemical activities. The popularity of lithium has been brought worldwide in relation to consumer electronics. In fact, portable gadgets are the ones benefitting from it because it is light as well as possesses high energy capacity.
When you talk about safe batteries, lithium is indeed safe because it doesn’t use poisonous chemicals like the cadmium and lead. They are even found in portable gadgets such as cell phones, laptops, iPods, and a lot more. Also, the button or coin cell batteries also have lithium content and these batteries are the ones present in watches. These lithium batteries are indeed popular because of the advantages they offer to you. Lithium batteries have two types- the primary and the secondary. The primary battery is the one that has a life that depletes and must be disposed at once. On the other hand, secondary batteries are those that can still be re-used when you recharge them even a couple of times before it reach its depletion. Since lithium is the lightest metal, the battery will also be light.
The primary lithium is the one that doesn’t have capabilities or recharging that is why only gadgets with less power consumption make use of it such as the CD players, toys, camera and watches. For the secondary or rechargeable lithium, this is the one that is mostly use especially on the consumer, military and medical electronics. At present, automobile industry is now looking into lithium because of its ability to store more energy.
Since lithium is a reactive element, it also has the ability to store energy for atomic bonds. On the average, lithium battery weighing 1kg can store at least 150 watt/hour of power. This is in fact very high already compared to ordinary batteries such as lead batteries that can only store up to 25 watt. Also, nickel-metal batteries can only accommodate storing up to 70 watt/hour. You can say that lithium batteries are really better because of its ability to double its capacity as compared to the ordinary ones.
The maintenance of lithium is not really very high. Another advantage of lithium is the fact that it doesn’t have an effect on memory. Recharging of lithium doesn’t need to require full discharge of the battery as compared to the nickel-cadmium batteries that can only be charge when it has been drained fully. A typical life of a lithium rechargeable battery can extend up to 5 years compared to the life of other batteries. As for the disposal of the battery, you don’t have to worry about disposing it because the pollution level is very low.
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