5 Best Practices for Efficient Vacuum Excavation
In the process of digging, there are a lot of techniques in use today. Though most of the methods used today are modern, others are traditional. On account of drilling companies using these new methods, digging has become easier, faster and safety is more assured than in the past. Vacuum excavation is one such method, where it is either done with air or water. By noting the following practices, you are assured of an efficient excavation.
There are some soils that are hard-packed and heavy, where air cannot penetrate well. In such scenarios, water can be used in vacuuming in a process called hydro excavation. There are areas where the dig site might have loose soil, with a lot of sand and gravel, and in such places, dry or air excavation would be a wise choice. Hydro excavation uses water pressure that damages old pipes and electric wires that are brittle, thus dry excavation is deemed as the safer choice.
In the excavation process, the sizes of the vacuuming pumps to be used to store air or water should be noted in relation to the size of the trucks to be used. When the size of the pump in use matches the size of the water or air tanks, then the desired vacuum power will be realized. This implies that if you require a lot of vacuum power, both the tank used and the pump should be large. Where there is going to be excavation using both wet and dry methods of excavation, then you are going to need above average tanks.
Vacuuming, either wet or dry, is considered safer than older digging methods, but still, safety measures must be adhered to. Proper training on how to handle and operate machines safely should be introduced. There are modern machines that require specialized training before they are used. Professional training of the workers who are going to work the machines should take place. Due to the presence of underground utility pipes and power lines, the operators of the machinery should be careful. Proper gear and clothing is a necessity for workers. These include hand gloves and dielectric boots.
Precision is gotten from using the vacuuming method to dig. Accidents can sometimes occur in the excavation process. This can be caused by mistakenly digging in the wrong site due to wrong identification process or human error. Such mistakes can cause interference with electric lines and gas pipes leading to gas explosions or electrocution. It is vital that the necessary authorities are contacted to confirm if the intended digging location is the correct one, and provide accurate maps.
The vacuum trucks and the pumps that the drilling company uses to dig should be well maintained. This will ensure that the machines will perform at expected standards. Tear and wear often occurs to machines that are being used, so close monitoring should be paramount. Lubrication of the machines used, especially the moving parts should be regularly done. Check out all the parts like hoses, nozzles among others. The outlined practices will assist in successful vacuum excavation.